"In the southern part of Texas, near the town of San Antone,
And he sees the cattle grazin' where a century before,
Santa Anna's guns were blazin' & the cannons used to roar.
And he takes his hat off slowly to the men of Alamo.
To the 13 days of glory at the seige of Alamo."
March 6, 1957
GHANA GAINS INDEPENDENCE
The 1st black African nation to win her independence today is Ghana.
Dr. Kwam Nkrumah, Ghana's 1st prime minister said:
"Ghana, your beloved country is free forever."
The Dutchess of Kent read the following message in behalf of Queen Elizabeth II:
"It is my earnest & confident belief that my people in Ghana will go forward in freedom & justice."
Photo by Goerge Appiah (2008)
March 6, 1951
ROSENBERGS GO ON TRIAL FOR ESPIONAGE
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, accused of selling nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union, go on trial today in New York state.
Julius is a member of the American Communist Party. He was fired from his job in the US government during the recent "Red Scare".*
*The trial ends on April 4, 1951 with a guilty verdict for both Rosenbergs. They are sentenced to death & executed.
Ethel Rosenberg Mug Shot
Julius Rosenberg upon arrest
March 6, 1946
VIETNAM WINS AUTONOMY
Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam accepted an agreement with France today which will make Vietnam autonomous.
Minh has led the Viet Minh or League of Independence for Vietnam since 1941.*
*The autonomy of Vietnam was short-lived. It would take the 1st Indo China War (1946-1954) for Vietnam to regain autonomy. At the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the French were defeated & at Geneva, Ho Chi Minh was granted control of the north while Ngo Dinh Diem controlled the south.
Ho Chi Minh (left) in Hanoi 1945
March 6, 1932
JOHN PHILIP SOUSA IS DEAD
American composer & conductor, John Philip Sousa, died today of heart failure at the age of 77.
Sousa died in his room at the Abraham Lincoln Hotel in Reading, Pennsylvania.
Sousa's band, known for its patriotic military marches, toured from 1892 to 1931 performing over 15,000 concerts including performances in Sydney & Melbourne, Australia in 1911.
John Philip Sousa (1854-1932)
March 6, 1857
SUPREME COURT RULES IN DRED SCOTT DECISION
Chief Justice Roger B. Taney today announced the majority decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in the case of Dred Scott v Sandford.
Dred Scott, a slave who had been taken into the free state of Illinois & the free territory of Wisconsin, is denied his freedom by the high court's ruling.
The Court upholds the right of slave owners to take their slaves into the western territories & thus nullifies the popular sovereignty ruling by the Compromise of 1850.
Taney says that Scott is not a citizen of the United States under the Constitution & therefore is the property of his master.
March 6, 1834
TORONTO IS INCORPORATED
In 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York in Canada named after Prince Frederick, Duke of York & Albany.
During the War of 1812, York was captured & plundered by U.S. forces. This action motivated the British to return the favor on Washington, D.C. later in the war.
The original name of the town, Toronto, now reinstated, comes from the Iroquois word for "place where trees stand".
Old City Hall, Toronto
March 6, 1788
NORFOLK ISLAND FOUNDED
An island located in the South Pacific between Australia, New Zealand & New Caledonia, was founded on this day.
Captain James Cook named the island on his 2nd voyage after the Duchess of Norfolk.
Lt. Philip Gidley King led a party of 15 convicts & 7 free men to take control of the island & prepare for its commercialization.