FREEDOM RIDERS WELCOMED BY VIOLENCE IN MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA 52 YEARS AGO TODAY!
Montgomery, Alabama (JFK+50) A bus load of FREEDOM RIDERS came under attack here in Montgomery 52 years ago today, May 20, 1961.
Attorney General ROBERT KENNEDY had convinced Greyhound Bus Company officials to transport this group of Freedom Riders to the Alabama state capital at Montgomery.
When they arrived at the bus terminal,however, 300 SEGREGATIONISTS were waiting for them with clubs and metal pipes.
Among the most seriously injured were JIM SWERG* and JOHN LEWIS.**
Swerg's suitcase was taken from him and used to hit him in the face and knock him to the ground. He was then beaten repeatedly by the mob. From his hospital bed, he said...
"Segregation must be stopped. It must be broken down. Those of us in the Freedom Rides will continue."
John Lewis later described what he had experienced in Montgomery this way...
"It was very violent. I thought I was going to die. I was left lying at the bus station unconscious."
*Jim Swerg was born in 1939 in Appleton, Wisconsin. He attended Beloit College and also was an exchange student at Fisk University in Nashville. Jim joined SNCC in 1960.
**John Lewis was born to a family of sharecroppers in Troy, Alabama in 1940. He graduated from Alabama Baptist Theological Seminary and Fisk University.
John was chairman of SNCC during the civil rights era and one of the original 13 Freedom Riders. He is currently representing Georgia's 5th District in the United States Congress.
John Lewis and Jim Swerg
After the Montgomery Attack
May 20, 1961
An administrative assistant to Attorney General Bob Kennedy, JOHN SEIGENTHALER,***who had been sent to Montgomery as chief negotiator for the Kennedy administration, was knocked unconscious while attempting to assist a young female freedom rider who was being chased by the angry mob.
President John F. Kennedy called upon Alabama GOVERNOR JOHN PATTERSON to exercise his authority to prevent further outbreaks of violence.
Photo by Curtis Palmer (2005)
I had the pleasure of attending two of Mr. Seigenthaler's speeches, the 1st at the University of Tennessee in 2005 and the 2nd at the Nashville Public Library in 2008. It was also a pleasure to speak to John after both talks. I thanked him for his service to President Kennedy and to the United States.
Greyhound Bus Terminal
Photo by Drmies (2009)