JFK AND CREW SWAM TO OLASANA 70 YEARS AGO
Olasana, South Pacific (JFK+50) After having made the long swim from the wreckage of the PT109 to Plum Pudding Island, Lt. j.g. John F. Kennedy and his surviving crew swam to Olasana Island 70 years ago, August 4, 1943.
Short on food and coconut milk, Lt. Kennedy ordered his crew to swim to the island closer to Ferguson Passage in hopes of being rescued.
Olasana is located one and three quarters of a mile southwest of Plum Pudding.
They began their swim at noon with JFK again towing the badly burned "Pappy" McMahon.
Robert J. Donovan describes the severity of McMahon's condition...
"It broke Kennedy's heart to look at him. Scabs forming over his burned eyelids made it difficult for him to see. The palms of his hands were swollen to a thickness of three inches. They were cracked...and he could look deeply into his own flesh."
The weary swimmers arrived at an islet west of Cross Island at 3 in the afternoon.
According on Donovan...
"The eleven survivors gathered in the trees behind the curved beach on the southeastern tip of Olasana, whence they could look straight across another half-mile of water to Naru Island bordering Ferguson Passage."
The decision was made to stay in the spot and not risk exploring the island which was twice as large as Plum Pudding.
The water in Ferguson Passage was too cold that evening for anyone to attempt to swim out to seek help.
"PT109, John F. Kennedy in World War II," by Robert J. Donovan, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961, 2001.
Adult PT109 Tee Shirt
For Sale at the Kennedy Library
IKE WARNED OF BAD SITUATION IN ASIA
Seattle, Washington (JFK+50) President Dwight D. Eisenhower, speaking before the Governors Conference meeting here in Seattle 60 years ago today, warned that the situation in Asia was "ominous for the United States".
The President also said that the defense of French Indochina was a necessity to prevent a communist takeover.
Mr. Eisenhower's speech marked the origin of the Domino Theory which held that if one nation in Southeast Asia fell to the communists, all the other nations of the region would fall as well, like a set of dominoes.
FRANK FAMILY ARRESTED IN HOLLAND
Amsterdam, Holland (JFK+50) The family of Otto Frank*, including his daughters Anne** and Margot, who had been in hiding here in Amsterdam, was arrested 69 years ago today by the Gestapo.
The Franks were to be transported within the next several weeks to Auschwitz in Poland.
Anne Frank had received a notebook for her 13th birthday in 1942 in which she began writing her diary. She wrote of her dream to become an actress and later a journalist.
In her 1st entry, Anne wrote...
"I hope I will be able to confide everything to you...and I hope you will be a great source of comfort and support."
Although protected from the Nazis in her hiding place, the discomfort of confinement was difficult.
Anne wrote on October 29, 1943...
"Outside, you don't hear a single bird, and a deathly, oppressive silence hangs over the house...I wander from room to room...and feel like a songbird whose wings have been ripped off and who keeps hurling itself against the bars of its dark cage."
While Anne began writing in the notebook she was given on her birthday, she filled that one up and used other notebooks until her last entry of August 1st, 1944.
Anne's diary was published in the Netherlands under the title "Het Ashterhuis" or "The Secret" in 1947. It was later published in the UK and USA in 1952 as "Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl."
About.com, Education, 20th Century History, by Jennifer Rosenberg, www.history190ss.about.com/
Anne Frank Statue
Photo by Hide-sp (2008)
*Otto Frank (1889-1980) was born in Frankfurt and served as an officer in WWI. He worked in the family banking business until the early 1930s, then moved his family to Holland and started a spice company.
**Anne Frank (1929-2945) was born in Frankfurt. She died just a few weeks before the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated by the British.
Memorial to Anne and Margot Frank
Photo by Arne List (2003)
JESSE OWENS WINS OLYMPIC LONG JUMP
Berlin, Germany (JFK+50) African-American athlete Jessie Owens won a gold medal here in Berlin at the Summer Olympic Games 77 years ago today, August 4, 1936.
Owens, who was a graduate of Ohio State University, won the long jump.
His jump of 26 feet, 5 and one-half inches set an Olympic record.
Known as "the Buckeye Bullet", Jesse Owens set a record that was to stand for 24 years.
At Ohio State, he won 8 individual NCAA championships.
Owens was born in Oakville, Alabama in 1913. He died at the age of 66 in Tuscon, Arizona in 1980.
Jesse Owens is quoted as saying...
"I let my feet spend as little time on the ground as possible. From the air, fast down, and from the ground, fast up."
Jesse Owens Wins Gold Medal
August 4, 1936
German National Archive Photo