Monday, December 30, 2013



Mexico City, Mexico (JFK+50) 160 years ago today, December 30, 1853, United States ambassador to Mexico, James Gadsden* and Mexican president, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, signed a treaty here in Mexico City.

The agreement ceded lands south of the Gila River and west of the Rio Grande from Mexico to the United States.

                 Map of the Gadsden Purchase
                                  by XcepticZP

The United States paid $10,000,000 for the "Gadsden Purchase".

Among the reasons for American interest in the territory was to construct a transcontinental railroad along a deep southern route.

The Gadsden Purchase Treaty was passed by the United States Senate on April 25th and went into effect on June 30, 1854.

                       James Gadsden
          US Ambassador to Mexico

*James Gadsden (1788-1858) was Adjutant General of the US Army in 1821 & 1822.  He was born in Charleston, South Carolina & was the grandson of the American revolutionary war hero Christopher Gadsden^ who designed the famous Gadsden naval flag.^  

James Gadsden graduated from Yale University in 1806.

Christopher Gadsden
Painting by Charles Fraser
Gibbes Musuem of Art

^Christopher Gadsden was leader of the Patriot movement in South Carolina, a delegate to the Continental Congress and brigadier general in the Continental army.  He later served at the SC constitutional convention of 1788.

The Gadsden Flag of 1775

CG designed the yellow flag depicting a coiled rattlesnake and the words "Don't Tread on Me."  Gadsden presented it to Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Navy Esek Hopkins to serve as his naval standard.

Christopher Gadsden was buried in St. Philip's Churchyard in Charleston.

                        Santa Anna
              President of Mexico

The Gadsden Purchase Treaty was consummated by the raising of the flag of the United States in Mesilla Plaza (NM) by troops from Fort Fillmore.

 Gadsden Purchase Historic Marker
Photo by Solarapex at en.wikipedia



Buenos Aires, Argentina (JFK+50) The First Lady of the United States of America, Jacqueline Kennedy, was named the International Woman of the Year 52 years ago today here in Buenos Aires by 100 international magazine editors.

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy was born at Southampton Hospital in Southampton, New York on July 28, 1929.*

Jackie's parents were John Vernou Bouvier III and Janet Norton Lee 

They divorced in 1940 and Janet married Hugh D. Auchincloss in 1942.

Jacqueline Kennedy's ancestors were Irish, English, French and Scottish. 

Her mother was the granddaughter of immigrants from County Cork who came to New York in the 1840s .

*Jacqueline Kennedy became the 1st First Lady to be born in a hospital.

                    Jacqueline Kennedy
              Woman of the Year (1961)