Indianapolis, Indiana (JFK+50) 55 years ago today, December 9, 1958, the John Birch Society was founded by retired business executive Robert Welch and a group of 12 like-minded individuals here in Indianapolis.
Headquarters of the JBS was to be located in Belmont, Massachusetts.
The stated purpose of the John Birch Society was to 'promote less government, more responsibility, and a better world.'
Mr. Welch writes in 'The Blue Book of The John Birch Society,' published in 1961,...
"Our enemy is the Communists, and we do not intend to lose sight of that fact for a minute. We are fighting the Communists---nobody else."
The Society also opposed the Civil Rights Movement, US aid to foreign countries, and the United Nations.
By the early 1960s, the JBS came under fire for the methods it recommended for its members to fight communism. Those methods included impeaching the Chief Justice of the United States and dropping out of the UN.
President Kennedy relieved him of his position.
Walker came back home to become a leading figure in the "fight against the liberal establishment." He lived in Dallas, Texas and made an unsuccessful bid for governor.
On April 10, 1963, a shot was fired into the General's home as he sat working at his desk. The bullet came through the front window and entered the wall just inches above Walker's head.
Although the perpetrator of the shooting remained unknown, the Warren Commission concluded in 1964 that Lee Harvey Oswald was the shooter.
The organization, which publishes The New American, has been described as right wing, ultraconservative and is considered by many to be part of the patriot movement.
The World Book Encyclopedia, Field Enterprises Educational Corporation, Chicago, 1967.