Thursday, January 16, 2014



Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Fifty years ago today, January 16, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson gave his approval for "OPLAN 34A"

This action by the chief executive who had been president for less than two months, initiated a program to gather intelligence and conduct sabotage with the intent of destabilizing the government of North Vietnam.  

The operatives were to include South Vietnamese forces supported by United States military personnel. 

OPLAN 34 would ultimately lead to a confrontation in the Gulf of Tonkin between NV patrol boats and the American destroyer USS Maddox.  

January 16, 1920

The 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution went into effect one year after its ratification prohibiting the "manufacture, sale or transport of intoxicating liquors".  

The amendment would be in force until 1933.

January 16, 1861

A proposal by John C. Crittenden of Kentucky failed to pass the US Senate.

The "Crittenden Compromise" called for a series of constitutional amendments to lure four seceded Southern states back into the Union. 

The vote was 25 Ney to 23 Yea.

All 25 Ney votes were by Republican senators, who like President-elect Abraham Lincoln, refused to compromise on the issue of slavery in the territories.

January 16, 1942

Hollywood actress Carole Lombard, wife of actor Clark Gable, died in an air crash en route from Las Vegas to Los Angeles.  

Lombard, recruited to sell war bonds, was returning to her home along with her mother who also died in the crash.

January 16, 1945

Adolf Hitler moved into his bunker 55 feet under his headquarters in Berlin.  He was to spend 105 days there until his death.  

The bunker included 18 small rooms and had its' own water supply and electricity.  

Hitler would commit suicide along with his wife, Eva Braun, in the bunker on April 30, 1945.

January 16, 1991

US forces attacked Iraq as the Persian Gulf War began.  The United Nations deadline for Iraqi forces to withdraw from Kuwait had expired.  

President George H.W. Bush ordered American fighters, launched from Saudi Arabia, and British aircraft carriers, to conduct bombing missions over Baghdad.