New York City (JFK+50) The folk singing group "The Weavers," scheduled to appear on the Jack Paar television show, were canceled when every member of the group refused to sign a loyalty oath 52 years ago today, January 2, 1962.
Founded in 1948 by Pete Seeger, "The Weavers" were responsible for a resurgence in American folk music in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Members of the group came under suspicion in the "Red Scare" of the 1950s because they supported pacifism and communist ideals.
SECRETARY ALBERT B. FALL TAKES FALL
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) 91 years ago today, President Warren G. Harding's Secretary of the Interior, Albert B. Fall, resigned as a result of his involvement in the infamous "Teapot Dome" scandal.
Fall, appointed in 1921, had taken "loans" of $400,000 from oil companies in return for allowing them to exploit public lands in Wyoming.
A rock formation located on this land resembled a tea pot.
Harding, discredited by this as well as other scandals, died in 1923 while Fall died in near poverty in 1944.
INTERSTATE HIGHWAY SPEED LIMIT REDUCED
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) 42 years ago today, January 2, 1972, President Richard M. Nixon signed into law a bill calling for the reduction of the SPEED LIMIT on the nation's interstate highways from 70 miles per hour to 55 miles per hour.
This law came on the heels of a major oil crisis resulting in a spike in gasoline prices. The law was based on the evidence that slower driving results in reduced fuel consumption.
VC SCORE VICTORY OVER SOUTH VIETNAMESE
Saigon (JFK+50 Viet Cong or VC forces inflicted heavy losses on the South Vietnamese Army (SVA) at Ap Bac, 50 miles SW of Saigon 51 years ago today, January 2, 1963.
This defeat symbolized the weakness of the South Vietnamese Army in opposition to the communists in Southeast Asia.