French Indo China (JFK+50) Sixty years ago, March 13, 1954, 40,000 Viet Minh communists surrounded 15,000 French troops near the Laotian border.
The attack began with a surprise artillery barrage and very quickly the French command was decimated.
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu continued until May 7, 1954 with a Viet Minh victory over the French.
Nashville, Tennessee (JFK+50) 89 years ago today, March 13, 1925. the state senate of Tennessee passed the Butler Act by a vote of 24 to 6.
The act, previously passed by the Tennessee House of Representatives, prohibited...
"the teaching of the Evolution Theory in all the Universities and all other public schools of Tennessee."
The Butler Act would be signed into law by Governor Peay on March 21 but was challenged in the Scopes Trial in Dayton, Tennessee in July 1925.
Journalist Walter Lippman compared the Butler Act to Jefferson's Virginia Act for Religious Freedom which says:
"to compel a man to furnish...money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves is....tyrannical..."
Lippman pointed out that the Butler Act only prohibited the teaching of the evolution theory in schools of Tennessee which the taxpayers were required by law to contribute.
ANDREW JOHNSON IMPEACHMENT TRIAL BEGINS
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States, accused of the violation of the Tenure of Office Act, went on trial 141 years ago today, March 13, 1868, before the Senate of the United States.
Johnson, the 1st president to be impeached or "charged with high crimes or misdemeanors", became president on the death of Abraham Lincoln on April 15, 1865.
Since becoming president, Johnson had been the target of radical Republicans who believed his reconstruction policies, like Lincoln's, were too lenient on the South.
Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase presided over the trial which required, by the United States Constitution, a two-third guilty vote for removal from office.
The President's attorneys requested a 40 day period to prepare a defense.
The Chief Justice ruled they would have only 10 days to prepare. The trial would resume on March 23.