March 3rd is a key date in the history of the United States. Today JFK+50 will cover four major events for this date.
Star Spangled Banner becomes Our National Anthem, 1931
Rutherford B. Hayes Sworn in as President in secret, 1877
Freedman's Bureau Created, 1865
Missouri Compromise Passes Congress, 1820
STAR SPANGLED BANNER BECOMES OUR NATIONAL ANTHEM
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President Herbert Hoover signed a law 83 years ago today, March 3, 1931, making the Star Spangled Banner the official National Anthem of the United States of America.
The words of the song were originally penned by Francis Scott Key on September 14, 1814 during the British attack on Fort McHenry near Baltimore, Maryland.
The lyrics were published in Baltimore on September 20, and later set to the tune "To Anacreon in Heaven".
President Woodrow Wilson signed an Executive Order in 1916 formally making the song "Our National Anthem."
The legislation signed on March 3, 1931 made it official.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES SWORN IN SECRETLY AT THE WHITE HOUSE
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Rutherford B. Hayes, having been declared the winner of the presidential election of 1876 by a special election commission, was sworn in 137 years ago today, March 3, 1877, in a private ceremony in the Red Room at the White House.
Hayes, a Republican from Ohio, lost the popular vote to Samuel Tilden of New York, but because there were 20 disputed electoral votes, the House of Representatives was assigned by the United States Constitution to determine the winner.
The official date of the inaugural was scheduled for March 4th, but since that date fell on a Sunday, another inaugural ceremony for the President was set for Monday, March 5.
FREEMAN'S BUREAU CREATED 149 YEARS AGO
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President Abraham Lincoln signed a law 149 years ago today, March 3, 1865, creating the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.
The agency became known simply as the Freeman's Bureau.
The federal agency was to oversee the difficult transition of freed slaves from bondage to freedom.
General Oliver O. Howard was appointed to serve as the agency's commissioner.
The Freedmen's Bureau would provide medical care, education and land distribution for former slaves.
The Bureau was in existence for seven years with General Howard as its commissioner for the entire time.
This marked the first time the federal government was involved in social welfare and labor relations.
MISSOURI COMPROMISE BILL PASSES CONGRESS
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) On March 3, 1820, 194 years ago today, the Congress of the United States passed a bill to resolve the first serious problem the nation had faced over the slavery issue.
The compromise legislation made Missouri a slave state while Maine became a free state.
This arrangement maintained a crucial balance in the number of slave and free states in the United States Senate.
The law also stated that slavery would be prohibited in the territory, which is part of the original Louisiana Purchase, north of the 36th parallel.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820 would be repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 which would allow a popular vote on the slavery issue north of the 36th parallel.