Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) African-American contralto, Marian Anderson, gave a free concert on Easter Sunday at the Lincoln Memorial, here in the Nation's Capital, 85 years ago today, April 9, 1939.
Marian Anderson Sings
Miss Anderson was originally scheduled to perform at Constitution Hall but the concert was cancelled by the Daughters of the American Revolution.
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from the DAR in protest and arranged for Anderson to sing at the Lincoln Memorial.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower made Marian Anderson an honorary delegate to the United Nation.
Miss Anderson was invited by John F. Kennedy to sing the National Anthem at his inauguration on January 20, 1961.
She was later awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Mr. Kennedy.
Appomattox Court House, Virginia (JFK+50) The Army of Northern Virginia was surrendered 149 years ago today, April 9, 1865, by their respected commander, General Robert E. Lee, at Appomattox Court House.
General Lee arrived at the home of Wilmer McLean at 1:00 p.m. while General Ulysses S. Grant, commander of all Union armies, arrived a half hour later.
The two generals met for about an hour and a half in the parlor of the McLean home.
Lee accepted Grant's generous terms in behalf of his weary army of 28,000. The terms provided that all Lee's men would be pardoned, could keep their horses, and return to their homes.
Lee, wearing a full dress military uniform with sword, presented a stark contrast to the characteristically modest Grant who wore a private's blouse.
After the ceremony was over a Union band began to play, General Grant stopped them saying:
"The war is over. The Rebels are our countrymen again."
Generals Lee and Grant Shake Hands