Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) The man who served as Secretary of State for most of Dwight D. Eisenhower's two terms, John Foster Dulles*, died 55 years ago today, May 24, 1959, at Walter Reed Army Hospital here in the Nation's Capital.
Secretary Dulles passed on after a three year battle with colon cancer.
Dulles is considered to be the main architect of Eisenhower's foreign policy during the cold war.
He initiated the idea of massive retaliation and brinksmanship. That is, threatening the Soviets with the use of nuclear weapons.
John Foster Dulles
*John Foster Dulles (1888-1959) was the son of a Presbyterian missionary. He graduated from Princeton University and attended George Washington University Law School.
Dulles served 4 months as US Senator from New York in 1949 before being Eisenhower's Secretary of State from 1953-1959.
Dulles' funeral service was held at the National Cathedral and his remains were interred in Arlington National Cemetery.
FIRST TELEGRAPH MESSAGE SENT 170 YEARS AGO TODAY
Baltimore, Maryland (JFK+50) American inventor Samuel Finley Breese Morse* sent the 1st telegraph message 170 years ago today, May 24, 1844, from here in Baltimore, Maryland to Washington, D.C.
Samuel F.B. Morse
Inventor of the Telegraph
Photo by Matthew Brady (1866)
The text of the message, a quote from the book of Numbers in the Holy Bible, was suggested to Morse by Annie Ellsworth, the daughter of the commissioner of patents.
The message was:
"What hath God wrought?"
Morse Plaque in Washington, D.C.
Photo by DB King
In sending this first message, Morse effectively established the world's first telegraph line.
*Samuel Morse relied upon the contributions of Alfred Vail (1807-1859) machinist and inventor who helped develop and commercialize the telegraph between 1837 and 1844.
Alfred Vail took charge of building and managing Morse's early telegraph lines but his name remains largely unknown because it was excluded from the original patent.
The US Army base in Eatontown, NY, Camp Vail, is named in his honor.
A couple of things relating to JFK come to mind in regard to the telegraph.
When JFK addressed the nation after being elected President, he said he had received a "wire" of congratulations from Vice-President Richard Nixon and proceeded to read the message.
Also, the killer of Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby, was at the Western Union Telegraph Office just down the street from the Dallas Police Station "wiring" money to one of his employees minutes before he shot Oswald.