Moscow, USSR (JFK+50) In the 1960 presidential campaign, Senator John F. Kennedy often spoke of the United States lagging behind the Soviet Union in the space race.
Fifty-three years ago today, June 16, 1961, the Soviets once again trumped the American space program by launching the first woman into outer space.
Valentina Tereshkova* made a total of 48 orbits of the earth aboard the Vostok 6 and spent 71 hours in space. She experienced nausea and physical discomfort for most of the 3 day flight.
The second woman in space, also a Russian, would not occur until 19 years later.
At the time of Ms. Tereshkova's launch, the United States had no women in training in the space program.
JFK DECIDES TO SEND MILITARY ADVISERS TO SOUTH VIETNAM
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) 53 years ago today, June 16, 1961, after meeting with South Vietnam envoy Nguyen Dinh Thuan, President John F. Kennedy made the decision to send American military advisers as instructors to South Vietnam to aid in the battle against the North Vietnamese Communists.
The number of US military advisers would steadily increase from 900 at the end of 1961 to 3200 by the end of 1962 and to 16,000 at the time of JFK's death in November 1963.
FORD MOTOR COMPANY CREATED 111 YEARS AGO
Detroit, Michigan (JFK+50) Henry Ford and prospective stockholders met in Detroit 111 years ago today, June 16, 1903, to sign the official paperwork to create the FORD MOTOR CORPORATION.
In 1913, the first FORD automobile was assembled at the plant on Mack Avenue here in the Motor City.