Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Fifty-three years ago today, September 5, 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed an amendment to the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 making the hijacking of American commercial airliners punishable by death.
The legislation was proposed in response to the hijacking of commercial airlines flying into or out of Miami International Airport by Cubans.
The amendment provides a penalty of one year imprisonment for carrying a concealed weapon on an airplane and a five year term for providing false information about a hijacking.
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Fifty-two years ago today, September 5, 1962, President John F. Kennedy sent an urgent message to the Kremlin to explain the reason an American U-2 spy plane was flying over Sakhalin Island.
The President informed the Soviets that the incident was unintentional and due to a "navigational error".
GOLDWATER WANTS ALL SOVIETS OUT OF CUBA BEFORE RATIFICATION OF TEST BAN TREATY
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Fifty-one years ago today, September 5, 1963, prospective Republican nominee for President of the United States of 1964, Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, said that the ratification of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty should be delayed until ALL soviet military personnel are withdrawn from Cuba.
The White House had no comment on Goldwater's proposal.
RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR ENDS WITH TREATY
Portsmouth, New Hampshire (JFK+50) A century and nine years ago, September 5, 1905, the war between Japan and Russia officially ended with the signing of a treaty here in Portsmouth.
By the terms of the treaty, Russia agreed to cede the island of Sakhalin to Japan. Peace between the two nations was negotiated by President Theodore Roosevelt who was later awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
CALLEY CHARGED IN MY LAI MASSACRE
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Forty-five years ago today, September 5, 1969, Second Lieutenant William Calley was charged with the premeditated murder of 109 Vietnamese civilians at the village of My Lai on March 16, 1968.
Calley's company was conducting a "search and destroy" mission at the time of the massacre.
Lt. Calley was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. His sentence was reduced by the Secretary of the Army to 20 and then to 10 years. He was paroled by President Richard M. Nixon in 1974.
FORD ESCAPES ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT
Sacramento, California (JFK+50) Thirty-nine years ago today, September 5, 1975, President Gerald R. Ford survived an attempt on his life by Charles Manson follower, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme.
Miss Fromme was disarmed by a Secret Service agent before she could fire one or more of the 4 bullets in the chamber of her 45 caliber pistol.
Squeaky Fromme was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. She was paroled at the age of 60 and released from the Federal Medical Center Carswell in Fort Worth, Texas on August 14, 2009.