January 16, 2011, Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) The 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified by the 36th and deciding state of Nebraska ninety-two years ago today, January 16, 1919.
The amendment, which prohibited the manufacture, sale or transport of intoxicating liquors, took effect on January 17, 1920.
On January 8, 1918, Mississippi became the first state to ratify the 18th Amendment. In addition to the amendment, Congress passed the National Prohibition Act (a.k.a. Volstead Act) on October 28, 1919 which provided for enforcement of prohibition.
Prohibition in the United States can be traced back to the reform movements of the 1840s. The Temperance Movement encouraged people to stop or reduce their imbibing of alcoholic beverages.
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) On March 2nd, 1929, the Congress of the United States passed the Jones Act which strengthened federal penalties for bootlegging.
Since prohibition had gone into effect in 1920 by the 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, enforcement of the provision banning the consumption of drinking alcohol had been difficult if not impossible.
The 18th Amendment was repealed in 1933 and prohibition went down in history as a failure.