New Orleans (JFK+50) 52 years ago today, November 16, 1962, a federal district court here in New Orleans, Louisiana ordered the Justice Department to charge Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett* and Lt. Governor Paul Johnson for impeding the admission of James Meredith, an African-American, to the University of Mississippi at Oxford.
The Justice Department was headed by JFK's brother, Attorney-General Robert F. Kennedy.
Ross Barnett, who served as governor from 1960 to 1964, was a states' rights Democrat. He received an LL.B from the University of Mississippi in 1929.
The Governor was fined $10,000 and sentenced to jail for contempt, but he never paid the fine nor served the sentence because the ruling was overturned in an Appeals Court.
*Ross Barnett (1898-1987) was born in Standing Pine, Mississippi. He was the son of a Confederate veteran and served in WWII. RB graduated from Mississippi College in 1922 and after law school became one of the most successful trial attorneys in the state specializing in damage suits.
RB was governor of Mississippi from 1960 to 1964. He returned to his law practice afterward and never regretted his stand against integration.
JFK ORDERS INCREASE IN AID TO SAIGON
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) 53 years ago today, November 16, 1961, President John F. Kennedy gave the order to increase American military aid to South Vietnam.
Although the President had been concerned about advances made in Southeast Asia by the communist Viet Cong, he remained reluctant to commit US combat forces.
The President was hopeful that the increased military aid would help strengthen the South Vietnamese government and military.
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) Sixty-nine years ago today, November 16, 1945, the government of the United States welcomed eighty-eight German scientists who were to take part in the American rocket program.
The scientists had previously served Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, but the United States took advantage of their services and wanted to keep them from being utilized by the Soviets Union.
Upon their arrival, newsmen and photographers were not permitted to ask questions or take photographs.