Castle Gandolfo, Italy (JFK+50) Sixty years ago today, September 19, 1955, Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, a Roman Catholic, was received by Pope Pius XII* here at the papal summer residence, Castle Gandolfo.
Senator Kennedy, who was elected in 1952, discussed the communist domination of Poland with the pontiff.
In an article in the Wall Street Journal last year, Liam Moloney writes that Pope Francis defended Pope Pius XII's performance during World War II. The critics say that the pontiff failed to defend Jews during the rule of the Nazis and did not "strongly condemn" persecution of Jews. Pope Francis, while acknowledging mistakes were made, supported Pius's helping Jews to escape Nazi rule.
*Pope Pius XII, Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (1876-1958) reigned from 1939 to 1958. PP XII was born in Rome & studied theology at Almo Collegio Capranica & State University, La Sapienza.
"Pope Francis Defends Pius XII's Record During World War II," by Liam Moloney, June 13, 2014, The Wall Street Journal, www.wsj.com/
JFK WON PRIMARY VICTORY 65 YEARS AGO
Boston, Massachusetts (JFK+50) Sixty-five years ago today, September 19, 1950, Congressman John F. Kennedy won the Democratic Primary in his bid for re-election to represent the 11th Congressional District of Massachusetts.
The young congressman was first elected in 1946 and then was re-elected in 1948. JFK polled 38,322 votes. His closest opponents included Frank Bevilacqua with 4,237 votes and Charles DiSessa with 1,327.
PRESIDENT GARFIELD DIES IN NEW JERSEY
Elberon, New Jersey (JFK+50) 134 years ago, September 19, 1881, President James A. Garfield passed away at 10:20 p.m. local time here in Elberon.
The President died from complications of one of the wounds he suffered in an assassination attempt in Washington 80 days ago.
Mr. Garfield's wife, Lucretia, was by his side at the end. She said..."Why am I made to suffer this cruel wrong." Garfield, who was 49 years old, served as President only four months before the shooting.
An autopsy disclosed that pressure from Garfield's internal wound created an aneurysm which was determined to be the cause of death. Garfield's assassin, Charles J. Guiteau, was found guilty of murder and hanged on June 30, 1882.