ABOLITIONIST BOOED AND PELTED WITH ROCKS IN CINCINNATI
Cincinnati, Ohio (JFK+50) One hundred and fifty-four years ago today, March 24, 1862, New England abolitionist Wendell Phillips* was booed and hit with rocks and eggs by a hostile crowd here in Cincinnati.
Mr. Phillips, a resident of Boston, advocated a Union war aim of freeing the slaves. He was forced to discontinue his speech and was led away to safety.
This event demonstrated the level of resistance to freedom for the slaves among certain groups in the North. Southern Ohio was inhabited by a number of people who, while they did not own slaves themselves, shared many of the same sentiments as Southerners.
These people were called "Butternuts" because of their light-brown, homespun clothing.
Wendell Phillips believed that slavery was the source of all the ills of society and advocated for the separation of the North and South due to slavery.
Phillips, in fact, supported the Southern right of secession. Before the outbreak of Civil War, he believed the North would not support a war against the South.
Wendell Phillips was such an effective speaker he became known as "the golden trumpet" of the anti-slavery crusade.
*Wendell Phillips (1814-1884) was born in Boston & attended Boston Latin School. WP graduated from Harvard in 1831 & Harvard Law School in 1833. He was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1834.
After the Civil War, WP supported rights for women, universal suffrage, temperance & the labor movement.
"Wendell Phillips Booed in Cincinnati," www.history.com/