NEW ZEALAND 1ST NATION TO GIVE WOMEN THE VOTE 120 YEARS AGO TODAY
Wellington, New Zealand (JFK+50) New Zealand became the first self-governing nation in the world to grant national voting rights to women 120 years ago today, September 19, 1893.
The Electoral Bill was signed by Governor Lord Glasgow*.
*David Boyle, 7th Earl of Glasgow (1833-1915) was Governor of NZ from 1892-1897. He served in the Royal Navy during the Crimean and Second Opium Wars and became Baron Fairlie after serving as governor.
The Electoral Bill was the culmination of a long struggle led by Kate Sheppard**. Women of that time were expected to "attend to domestic affairs" and refrain from "meddling in male concerns."
Kate Sheppard said...
"We are tired of having a 'sphere' doled out to us and of being told that anything outside that sphere is 'unwomanly.'"
**Kate Sheppard (1847-1934) was born in Liverpool and migrated to Christchurch in her early 20s. She became president of the National Council of Women of New Zealand and editor of 'The White Ribbon", the 1st newspaper owned, managed and operated by women.
The women of New Zealand inspired suffrage movements around the globe.
New Zealand 1893, Australia 1902, Finland 1906, Norway 1907, Denmark 1915, UK 1918, Czechoslavakia 1918, Austria 1919, Canada 1919, United States 1920.
National Flag of New Zealand
PRESIDENT GARFIELD DIED 132 YEARS AGO
Elberon, New Jersey (JFK+50) President James A. Garfield died here in Elberon at 10:20 p.m. 132 years ago, September 19, 1881.
The President died from complications of one of the wounds he suffered in an assassination attempt in Washington 80 days earlier.
Mr. Garfield's wife, Lucretia, was by his side at the end.
She said: "Why am I made to suffer this cruel wrong."
Garfield, who was 49 years old, had served as President only four months before the shooting.
An autopsy would show that pressure from Garfield's internal wound created an aneurysm which was determined to be the cause of death.
Garfield's assassin, Charles J. Guiteau, was found guilty of murder and hanged on June 30, 1882.
President Garfield's Casket
Lying in State
JFK VISITS POPE PIUS XII IN ITALY
Castle Gandolfo, Italy (JFK+50) Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, a Roman Catholic, was received by Pope Pius XII*** 58 years ago today, September 19, 1955, here at the papal summer residence, Castle Gandolfo.
The Pope and Senator Kennedy discussed communist domination of Poland during the visit.
Pope Pius XII
Photo by Ambrosius007
***Pope Pius XII (1876-1958) was born in Rome and ordained as a priest in 1899. He received his doctorate in 1904. PP served as Pope from 1939 to 1958. He lobbied against war in the late 1930s and was dismayed by the German invasion of Poland. His motto was "Opus Justitiae Pax," the work of justice shall be peace (Is. 32:17).
JFK WON DEMO PRIMARY 63 YEARS AGO TODAY
Boston, Massachusetts (JFK+50) Congressman John F. Kennedy won the Democratic Primary 63 years ago today, September 19, 1950, in his bid for re-election to represent the 11th Congressional District of Massachusetts.
The young congressman was first elected in 1946 and re-elected in 1948.
JFK polled 38,322 votes.
His closest opponents included Frank Bevilacqua with 4,237 votes and Charles DiSessa with 1,327.