JFK SPEAKS ON TEST BAN AND TAX CUTS
Washington, D.C. (JFK+50) President John F. Kennedy spoke to the Nation on radio and television 50 years ago tonight at 7 p.m. Eastern time, September 18, 1963.
The 35th President of the United States discussed both the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and his administration's tax cut proposals.
The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was about to come to a vote in the Senate while his Tax Cut Bill was soon to be considered by the House of Representatives.
Confident that the Test Ban Treaty would pass, the President used most of the speech to address his tax cut proposals.
The President said:
"Peace around the world, and progress here at home, represent the hopes of all Americans. In the next 7 days the Congress will make critical decisions in both areas.
The United States Senate will vote on the treaty outlawing nuclear tests in the atmosphere.
The other crucial vote, which is in the House of Representatives, affects every individual and every business in the United States, and the taxes we pay to the Federal Government."
President Kennedy said that the tax rates in place at the time were harmful and argued that taxes were too high and took too much money out of people's pocketbooks and, as a consequence, hurt the economy.
"(The) tax cut means more jobs for American workers...more buying power for consumers and investors...and...more production and jobs for our Nation's needs."
The President added that a tax cut would also help protect against another recession as well as providing new markets for American business.
Another benefit of a tax cut according to JFK included "higher family income and higher business profits and a balanced Federal budget."
The President concluded...
"I do not say it will solve all our economic problems, but this bill is the keystone of the arch."
DAG HAMMARSKJOLD DEAD IN PLANE CRASH
Salisbury, Rhodesia(JFK+50) United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold was killed 52 years ago today, September 18, 1961, when his Swedish DC6 airplane crashed in northern Rhodesia.
The Secretary-General was on a trip to meet Moise Tshombe, leader of the province of Katanga, and to negotiate the crisis in the Congo.
Mr. Hammarskjold was elected Secretary-General of the UN on April 7, 1953.
15 others aboard the aircraft were also killed.
Dag Hammarskjold received posthumously the 1961 Nobel Peace Prize.
"Dag Hammarskjold is dead, but the United Nations lives on."
United Nations Secretary-General
UN Department of
Public Information Photo
"The Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: John F. Kennedy, 1963," United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1964.
FIDEL CASTRO VISITS NEW YORK CITY
New York City (JFK+50) Cuban premier, Fidel Castro, arrived 53 years ago today, September 18, 1960, in New York City.
Castro was in town to head the Cuban delegation to the United Nations and was to address the UN General Assembly.
The Premier and his party lodged at the Theresa Hotel in Harlem where he met with Malcolm X and Langston Hughes.
On September 26, 1961, Premier Castro gave a 4 hour speech to the General Assembly in which he criticized American "imperialism" as well as its policies in Latin America, Asia and Africa.
September 22, 1960
Library of Congress Photo